What is Genome Engineering?

What is Genome Engineering?

Genome engineering is the act of modifying or manipulating an organism’s genome or genetic makeup through the use of biotechnology. Genome writers create genetically modified organisms for research, medicine, agriculture, or the pet industry.

The explanation is from an article by Erin Nolan, a researcher in Dr. Troy Lund’s metabolic lab at the University of Minnesota. She’s also an officer in the Genome Writers Guild a genome engineering society building a better future for humanity through genome engineering and public education.

When I asked Erin to tell me more about genomics, she said, “I think genetic engineering is amazing. First of all, I love DNA — there are four basic building blocks to every living thing on the planet. That means you can take DNA from a bacteria and put it in a plant so it can make its own non-toxic herbicide.”

“What if the DNA of an octopus or a salamander holds the key to regeneration? DNA makes every organism at least somewhat applicable to every other organism on earth. It connects us all. Without fail, every time I learn about a new method or tool in genetic engineering, I get excited.”

“I remember the exact moment I heard about the synthetic base pairs X and Y, I felt suddenly energized and an intense desire to know more. Less than five minutes after that conversation, I was looking for articles. The sheer potential of genetics is awe-inspiring. I’m convinced that I can spend my whole life learning about genetics and genome engineering. And be just as engaged years from now as I was in my first genetics class.”

Read more about genomics and gene-editing in Erin’s article, What is Genome Engineering? on The Guild’s website.

Erin Nolan. researcher at the University of Minnesota Medical School